Evaluating the clinical nurse specialist. A review

Int J Nurs Stud. 1994 Dec;31(6):561-71. doi: 10.1016/0020-7489(94)90066-3.


This paper reviews evaluative studies on the role of clinical nurse specialists and aims to describe and categorise research according to the methods used. By using the structure, process and outcome framework a clear pattern of research development and evidence emerges. It appears that significant benefits accrue for patients from the contribution of nurse specialists, but more experimental studies with combined methods should now be applied to this area.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Employee Performance Appraisal / methods
  • Humans
  • Nurse Clinicians* / economics
  • Nurse Clinicians* / trends
  • Nursing Administration Research / methods
  • Nursing Process
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care