Characteristics of ceftibuten uptake into Caco-2 cells

Pharm Res. 1994 Dec;11(12):1761-5. doi: 10.1023/a:1018919517839.


The characteristics of ceftibuten uptake into Caco-2 cells grown in a collagen-coated dish were examined. Ceftibuten showed stereoselective and pH-dependent uptake. The pH-dependency of ceftibuten was more marked than that of cefaclor or cephalexin, but all three antibiotics showed maximal uptake at pH 5.5. Ceftibuten uptake was linear for the initial 1 hr and then reached a plateau. The initial uptake (15 min) was markedly reduced by the addition of 2,4-dinitrophenol or FCCP (a protonophore), or by lowering the incubation temperature. The uptake of ceftibuten into the brush-border membrane vesicles prepared from cultured Caco-2 cells showed an overshoot in the presence of an H(+)-gradient. These findings indicated that the uptake of ceftibuten was energy-dependent, especially H(+)-gradient-dependent. Uptake inhibition by various compounds was compared using Caco-2 cells. Amino acids and a tetrapeptide did not inhibit uptake, whereas di- or tri-peptides were effective inhibitors. These observations suggest that ceftibuten is taken up by a carrier-mediated transport system(s) for dipeptides. Various antibiotics differed in their ability to inhibit uptake, with cyclacillin showing maximum inhibition. Differences in the inhibitory effect may be accounted for by the heterogeneity (multiplicity) of the transport systems.

MeSH terms

  • 2,4-Dinitrophenol
  • Administration, Oral
  • Amino Acids / pharmacology
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Ceftibuten
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cephalosporins / pharmacokinetics*
  • Dinitrophenols / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism*
  • Microvilli / metabolism
  • Oligopeptides / pharmacology


  • Amino Acids
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Cephalosporins
  • Dinitrophenols
  • Oligopeptides
  • Ceftibuten
  • 2,4-Dinitrophenol