Laparoscopic management of the impalpable abdominal testis

Urology. 1993 Nov;42(5):574-8; discussion 578-9. doi: 10.1016/0090-4295(93)90278-i.


Laparoscopy is useful in both diagnosis and management of impalpable testes. Intra-abdominal testicles can be removed laparoscopically if atrophic or can be partly devascularized by spermatic vessel clipping if apparently normal. Assessment of testicular revascularization would be desirable prior to subsequent orchiopexy. A second-stage vasal-based orchidopexy than can be performed once adequate testicular reperfusion via the deferential pedicle is believed to have occurred. We have used both diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy in the management of 103 non-palpable testes over a period of six years. Open procedures following laparoscopy included 57 orchidopexies, 11 orchiectomies, and 1 microvascular testicular autotransplant. Thirteen laparoscopic interventions were performed: 5 orchietomies for atrophic testes and 8 testicular vessel clippings followed by 6 second-stage open inguinal orchidopexies. Color Doppler duplex ultrasonography was not found to be reliable for assessment of testicular revascularization following spermatic vessel clipping. There were 3 complications which were all related to puncture with the Veress needle.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Algorithms
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cryptorchidism / diagnosis
  • Cryptorchidism / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Male
  • Orchiectomy
  • Testis / blood supply
  • Testis / surgery