[Expression of the growth factors (EGF, EGFR, and TGF alpha) and PCNA in superspreading and penetrating types of gastric carcinomas]

Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi. 1993 Sep;94(9):988-92.
[Article in Japanese]


Expression of EGF, EGFR, TGF alpha, and PCNA in resected gastric carcinomas (15 cases of superspreading type and 25 cases of penetrating type) was immunohistochemically studied to understand biological features of these two types of gastric carcinomas. EGF, EGFR, and TGF alpha positive cases were preferentially found in the penetrating type rather than in the superspreading type (p < 0.05). Incidence of PCNA high expression cases in the penetrating type was significantly higher than that in superspreading type. Nineteen cases (76%) of the penetrating type and 1 case of the superspreading type (6.7%) were diffusely PCNA (+), and the incidence of in the former type was significantly higher than that of the latter type (p < 0.001). One case of the superspreading type and 13 cases of the penetrating type were either EGF (+) or TGF alpha (+), and EGFR (+), and the incidence in the latter type was significantly higher than that in the former type (p < 0.05), suggesting that growth and invasion of carcinoma cells, especially in the penetrating type, may depend on "autocrine mechanism". Incidence of the growth factors (+) and PCNA (+) cells in classical type of signet ring cells was lower than that in other types of singnet ring cells.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / pathology*
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / analysis*
  • ErbB Receptors / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Nuclear Proteins / analysis*
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
  • Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha / analysis*


  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • ErbB Receptors