Female twins with severe Christmas disease (hemophilia B)

Thromb Haemost. 1993 Nov 15;70(5):774-6.


Hemophilia B is an X-linked bleeding disorder. We report on female twins, who were conspicious in prolonged bleeding after venipuncture as well as hematomas after intramuscular injections even in the first months of their life. Their father suffering from a severe hemophilia B deceased in 1992. Their mother, half-brother and grandmother from their father's side had no signs of bleeding disorders. Clotting analysis performed in both twins revealed a markedly prolonged partial thromboplastin time (> 100 s). The factor IX levels were below 2%. In order to detect mutations, a general screen using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of the PCR products have been performed. PCR products have been cut into smaller fragments using restriction endonucleases (RE) for an in-depth SSCP screen. A general screen for gross abnormalities in the factor IX gene including deletions, insertions and rearrangements was performed by Southern blot analysis of RE-digests of genomic DNA using the factor IX cDNA as a hybridization probe. Furthermore, we screened for mutations in the CG dinucleotides comprising part of RE-recognition sequences (exon 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 8). By all methods applied herein, no mutations have been detected in these twins. On the basis of our results the hemophilia B of these twins might be explained by extreme non-random lyonization.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • Diseases in Twins*
  • Dosage Compensation, Genetic
  • Factor IX / genetics*
  • Female
  • Hemophilia B / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length


  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • Factor IX