Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of a monoclonal antibody (MAb) to intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1; CD54) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Methods: A phase I/II, open-label, dose-escalation study of 32 patients.
Results: During treatment, a peripheral CD3+/CD4+ lymphocytosis was noted, and several patients demonstrated transient cutaneous anergy, which suggests that therapy modified T cell recirculation. Thirteen of the 23 patients who received 5 days of treatment demonstrated clinical improvement through day 29, and 9 of 23 through day 60. Adverse effects were minor and transient.
Conclusion: Anti-ICAM-1 MAb therapy was well tolerated, resulted in a transient alteration in T lymphocyte recirculation, and effected clinical improvement in some RA patients.