Unilateral haemorrhagic parenchymal lesions in the preterm infant: shape, site and prognosis

Acta Paediatr. 1994 Jun;83(6):602-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.1994.tb13089.x.


In a prospective cranial ultrasound study of 544 infants with a gestational age of 32 weeks or less, 20 (3.6%) infants were diagnosed as having a unilateral parenchymal lesion (PL). Based on the shape of the PL and the evolution on ultrasound, the infants were divided into three groups: group I consisted of 11 infants, in whom the PL was triangular/fan-shaped and separate from the ventricle. The PL evolved into small cystic lesions; group II comprised 3 infants who had a PL with a similar shape, but partially communicating with the ventricle; group III consisted of 6 infants who had a globular-shaped lesion in communication with the ventricle. In groups II and III, the PL evolved into one porencephalic cyst. The PL was considered to be due to venous infarction in all cases with intraventricular haemorrhage preceding the PL in 7 cases. Sixteen infants survived. A postmortem was performed in 2 of the 4 infants who died, confirming the diagnosis of venous infarction. Neurological sequelae were present in only 2 cases in the first group, while all 6 survivors of the other two groups developed mild to severe hemiplegia. Long-term follow-up was not always available and 4 of the 18 survivors were still less than 18 months when last seen. In 9 of the 11 infants in group I, the PL was localized in the frontoparietal region, while in 8 of the 9 infants in group II or III, the PL was beyond the trigone in the occipital region. The outcome of the unilateral PL is not always unfavourable.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging*
  • Echoencephalography*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies