Mutations in the vasopressin V2 receptor gene in families with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and functional expression of the Q-2 mutant

Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 1994 May;40(3):429-36.


Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is characterized by a resistance of the kidney towards arginine vasopressin (AVP). Following molecular cloning of the vasopressin V2 receptor, we identified different mutations in the V2 receptor gene in families with X-linked NDI, which segregated with the disease. The Hopewell mutation (W71X) causes the disease in the largest North American NDI pedigree, with most of its members residing on Nova Scotia. Different mutations were found in three families from the Quebec area (Q-2: R137H, Q-3: R113W, Q-5: 804delG) and in the large Cannon kindred residing in Utah (L312X). In an Iranian family (O-1), another mutation was detected (A132D). Three of the six mutations (Hopewell, Cannon, Q-5) are predicted to cause the expression of a truncated V2 receptor and are therefore unlikely to function. The functional consequences of missense mutations (Q-2, Q-3, O-1) are less obvious. We therefore introduced the Q-2 mutation into wild-type cDNA. When expressed in COS.M6 or Ltk cells, the Q-2 mutant bound AVP with normal affinity. However, cells expressing the Q-2 mutant failed to respond to AVP with an increase in adenylyl cyclase activity. Thus the Q-2 mutant is unable to interact with or to activate the stimulatory G-protein Gs. The present data indicate that X-linked NDI is frequently attributable to a mutation in the V2 receptor gene. In addition, the data prove biochemically that the Q-2 mutation is the cause of NDI in the Q-2 family.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Diabetes Insipidus / classification
  • Diabetes Insipidus / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Insipidus / ethnology
  • Diabetes Insipidus / genetics*
  • Gene Frequency
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation*
  • North America / epidemiology
  • Point Mutation
  • Prevalence
  • Protein Conformation
  • Receptors, Vasopressin / biosynthesis
  • Receptors, Vasopressin / genetics*
  • Sequence Deletion
  • X Chromosome


  • Receptors, Vasopressin