Rice proteins from nine tissues and one organelle (leaf, chloroplast, stem, root, germ, dark germinated seedling, seed, bran, chaff and callus) were isolated and then separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). The protein spots were characterized according to molecular weight, isoelectric point and partial amino-terminal sequence. Electrophoresis was carried out by isoelectric focusing (IEF), nonequilibrium pH gradient electrophoresis (NEPHGE) and immobilized pH gradient (IPG) in the first dimension, and by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) in the second dimension. With the aid of nine marker proteins, the patterns of IEF, NEPHGE and IPG 2-DE gels were graphically combined by computer into a single synthetic image for each tissue, respectively, and these images for the nine tissues and one organelle were again combined into a single 2-DE image for the integrated rice protein spots. The rice 2-DE gel image resolved 4892 proteins. About 3% of the spots are characterized by amino-terminal sequencing.