Acute intervention with captopril during thrombolysis in patients with first anterior myocardial infarction. Results from the Captopril and Thrombolysis Study (CATS)

Eur Heart J. 1994 Jul;15(7):898-907. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.eurheartj.a060608.


The study was designed to examine the safety and efficacy of acute interventional use of captopril on left ventricular volumes, ventricular arrhythmias and neurohormones during thrombolysis in patients with a first anterior myocardial infarction, within 6 h of onset of symptoms. Left ventricular dysfunction and prognosis after myocardial infarction can be improved by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition started after the ischaemic phase. Experimental evidence suggests that intervention during thrombolysis may lead to even further benefit. In a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial, 298 patients with a first anterior myocardial infarction, eligible for thrombolytic therapy were treated with captopril 6.25 mg or placebo, started immediately upon streptokinase infusion and titrated to 25 mg t.i.d.. The efficacy of captopril by an intention-to-treat-analysis to reduce left ventricular volumes, ventricular arrhythmias, neurohumoral activation and enzymatic infarct size was measured. During dose titration, mean blood pressure and heart rate were similar in both groups. However, hypotension after the first dose was reported in 18 patients on placebo and 31 patients on captopril (P < 0.05). At discharge, 80% of patients were on study medication. Left ventricular volumes were significantly increased in both groups at 3 months, but they tended to be lower in the captopril group; however, the differences were not statistically significant. The incidence of accelerated idioventricular rhythm and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia in captopril patients was lower than in placebo patients (P < 0.05), parallelled by transiently lower norepinephrine levels (P < 0.05) upon thrombolysis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Captopril / therapeutic use*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Echocardiography
  • Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypotension / chemically induced
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis
  • Myocardial Infarction / drug therapy*
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / prevention & control*
  • Norepinephrine / metabolism
  • Radionuclide Ventriculography
  • Streptokinase / therapeutic use*
  • Thrombolytic Therapy / methods*
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnosis
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / prevention & control*


  • Captopril
  • Streptokinase
  • Norepinephrine