Neuronal activity in rabbit neostriatum during classical eyelid conditioning

Exp Brain Res. 1994;99(2):179-90. doi: 10.1007/BF00239585.


Extracellular multiple- and single-unit recordings were made from the neostriatum of rabbits during classical eyelid conditioning. Neostriatal neurons processed information regarding the conditioned auditory stimulus (CS) and conditioned eyelid response (CR) as well as the unconditioned stimulus/response (US/UR). These data are consistent with previous reports that neostriatal neurons respond to movement and movement-related sensory stimuli. In most cases, neostriatal neurons increased activity to the US during the early phase of training, but to the CR as training progressed. A close temporal correlation was found between neuronal activity and CR onset with unit discharges typically preceding CR onset by 10-50 ms. The activity of some multiple and single units was monitored after injection of haloperidol, a neuroleptic and dopamine antagonist known to disrupt neostriatal function. Interestingly, haloperidol caused a greater disruption of CRs at low-intensity than at high-intensity CSs, but conditioning-related neuronal activity was disrupted equally at both intensities. These data are discussed in terms of a possible role for the neostriatum in eyelid conditioning.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Conditioning, Classical / drug effects
  • Conditioning, Classical / physiology*
  • Haloperidol / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Microelectrodes
  • Movement / physiology
  • Neostriatum / cytology
  • Neostriatum / drug effects
  • Neostriatum / physiology*
  • Neurons / drug effects
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Rabbits


  • Haloperidol