In plants potentially toxic compounds are ultimately deposited in the large central vacuole. In this report we show that isolated barley mesophyll vacuoles take up the glucoside conjugate of the herbicide derivate [5-hydroxyphenyl]primisulfuron. Transport is stimulated by Mg-ATP and is distinct from that previously described for glutathione conjugates. Treatment of barley with different herbicide antidotes (safeners) revealed that the safener cloquintocet-mexyl doubles the vacuolar transport activities for both the glutathione and glucoside conjugates. Stimulation of the uptake of the metolachlor-glutathione conjugate was the result of an increased uptake velocity whereas the Km remained unaltered, suggesting that the higher activity was due to a higher expression of the transporter. These results indicate that modulation of vacuolar transport activities are an integral part of the detoxification mechanism of plants.