Seven patients with Candida meningitis are reported. These 7, plus 21 previously cited cases, were reviewed. This infection arose by two distinct mechanisms: hematogenous dissemination and direct inoculation. Recent antibiotic therapy, corticosteroid administration and severe underlying diseases were important predisposing factors. Fever, meningismus, elevated CSF pressures and localizing neurologic signs were commonly noted. Organisms were seen on gram-stain of CSF in only 43% of cases. Mortality rate in patients receiving inadequate or no antifungal therapy was high (greater than 90%), while those patients given appropriate antifungal drugs, especially intravenous amphotericin B, had a significantly lower mortality rate (38%). Several factors associated with poor prognosis were delineated in this study: diagnostic interval after symptomatic onset longer than two weeks, CSF glucose levels below 35 mg/100 ml and presence of intracranial hypertension and focal neurologic deficits.