A gene, PAU1, has been cloned from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and sequenced. It is located in a telomeric region, probably on chromosome IV, and contains an open reading frame encoding a protein of 120 amino acids (aa) (approx. 13 kDa). The deduced sequence is nearly identical to two other genes found in GenBank (named PAU2 and PAU3 by us), which are located close to the ends of chromosomes V and III, respectively. Blotting of separated chromosomes with a PAU1 probe at high stringency revealed that at least six chromosomes in addition to III, IV and V possessed related sequences, suggesting a large gene family. Probing of an ordered array of phage lambda clones containing yeast genomic DNA inserts ('Olson filters') revealed ten additional hybridizing sequences, located close to the ends of the left and/or right arms of chromosomes I, II, VII, VIII, X, XII, XIV and XV. Transcription of these sequences could not be demonstrated, however, under a wide variety of growth and culture conditions. The deduced PAU1, PAU2 and PAU3 aa sequences are all highly homologous with the SRP1 aa sequences, which contains eight serine-rich tandem repeats of 12 aa each, at its C terminus. This homology is limited, however, to the N-terminal half of SRP1, and does not include the repeats. In fact, PAU1 is quite serine-poor (5.8%), leading to the suggested name of seripauperins for this family of genes.