This report describes the postnatal development of hearing range, auditory sensitivity and tonotopy within the inferior colliculus (IC) of a mammal specialized for ultrasonic hearing. The experimental animal, Carollia perspicillata, has an adult hearing range of 7-110 kHz (characteristic frequencies) but lack any significant overrepresentation of a limited frequency band as known for rhinolophoid bats and Pteronotus. The audiogram of the newborn Carollia includes characteristic frequencies from 8 to 76 kHz, which is about 65% of the adult hearing range. As in adults, low frequencies are represented in the dorsolateral portion of the IC. However, at birth the ventromedial IC is non-responsive to acoustic stimulation up to intensities of 90 dB SPL. During development there is a progressive conversion of non-responsive IC areas into acoustically responsive slabs with characteristic frequencies above 76 kHz along the dorsolateral to ventromedial (low-to-high frequency) IC axis. This development is superimposed by a non-uniform shift of characteristic frequency: a decrease of CFs in dorsolateral regions, and an increase of CFs in ventromedial areas. The results suggest a bidirectional shift of frequency representation along the cochlear tonotopic axis.