Bacterial binding protein-dependent permeases: characterization of distinctive signatures for functionally related integral cytoplasmic membrane proteins

Mol Microbiol. 1994 Jun;12(6):993-1004. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.1994.tb01087.x.

Abstract

Bacterial binding protein-dependent transport systems belong to the superfamily of ABC transporters, which is widely distributed among living organisms. Their hydrophobic membrane proteins are the least characterized components. The primary structures of 61 integral membrane proteins from 35 uptake systems were compared in order to characterize a short conserved hydrophilic segment, with a consensus EAA---G---------I-LP, located approximately 100 residues from the C-terminus. Secondary structure predictions indicated that this conserved region might be formed by two amphipathic alpha-helices connected by a loop containing the invariant G residue. We classified the conserved motifs and found that membrane proteins from systems transporting structurally related substrates specifically display a greater number of identical residues in the conserved region. We determined a consensus for each class of membrane protein and showed that these can be considered as signatures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / chemistry*
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / genetics
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acids / chemistry
  • Bacteria / chemistry*
  • Bacteria / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / chemistry*
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Membrane
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Databases, Factual
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Sequence Alignment

Substances

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Amino Acids
  • Bacterial Proteins