Using magnetic resonance imaging, we reviewed 141 infratentorial infarcts in 81 consecutive cases: 65 infarcts were seen in the paramedian pons, while 18 in the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) territory and 17 in the watershed area between PICA and superior cerebellar artery. No comparable sign or symptom was observed for 44 (31.2%) infarcts, whereas 66 (46.8%) infarcts appeared symptomatic and 31 (22.0%) infarcts were regarded as equivocal mainly due to the coexisting supratentorial lesions or non-localizing symptoms. The frequent coexistence of basal ganglionic small infarcts in those with infratentorial small (< 15 mm) infarcts implicated their common pathogenetic background. The fact that atrial fibrillation was seen in 33.3% of those with large (> 15 mm) infarcts whereas it was seen in only 6.5% of those with small infarcts may suggest a cardiogenic embolism as a possible cause of infratentorial large infarcts. Major artery occlusive lesion was seen in 15 of 22 cases with cerebellar infarction, whereas no occlusive lesion was seen in the majority of cases with pontine small infarcts. With MR imaging, infratentorial infarcts were detected more frequently than in the previous studies based on X-ray CT, and they can be considered as a benign condition.