Timely diagnosis of congenital infections

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1994 Oct;41(5):1017-33. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(16)38843-5.


The acronym TORCH has served to increase awareness of congenital infections; however, this collective term suggests that the clinical manifestations of congenital infections are not distinguishable by pathogen. Although some clinical features may be common to several of these infections, a congenital infection caused by one pathogen generally can be distinguished from infection caused by another pathogen on a clinical basis. Pediatricians need to be aware of the prominent features of each congenital infection rather than to consider them collectively. This article focuses on the prominent features of the more common congenital infections, suggests a specific diagnostic approach, and reviews the available therapeutic strategies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / congenital
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / diagnosis
  • Herpes Simplex / congenital
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infections / congenital*
  • Infections / diagnosis*
  • Rubella Syndrome, Congenital / diagnosis
  • Syphilis, Congenital / diagnosis
  • Toxoplasmosis, Congenital / diagnosis