Actual Over Best Function as an Outcome Measure in Asthma

Respir Med. 1994 Jul;88(6):453-9. doi: 10.1016/s0954-6111(05)80049-6.

Abstract

Several guidelines for the management of asthma suggest that actual/best function is a useful outcome measure. This implies accurate assessment of best function, and a standard for the proportion of best function to be achieved. Seventeen clinics observed their practice simultaneously during four periods in 1990. The aims of the study included testing a protocol for the assessment of best function, and validating actual/best function as an outcome measure. The proposed target for actual/best function to indicate satisfactory control was 80%. The protocol for assessment of best function required formal trial of steroids if best function was < 70% predicted; with regular recording of peak expiratory flow (PEF) if < 80% predicted. PEF was recorded in 515 and FEV1 in 680 of 767 subjects, following the usual clinic practice. If the protocol for best function was not satisfied, mean actual/best function was no higher than if it was, except when best PEF was < 70% predicted. This suggests the need for a PEF chart in these latter patients. Best function was greater in females than males, but actual/best function was almost identical. Whilst best function declined with increasing intensity of treatment, actual/best function was almost independent of regimen step, particularly in the centre which most closely adhered to the protocol. These results confirm that actual/best function is a valid outcome measure. Mean actual/best was > 80% except for FEV1 in two centres. It is suggested that the target in chronic management of asthma is raised from 80 to 85% of best, when actual/best PEF is used as a spot check in patients believed to be on optimal therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Asthma / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Volume / physiology
  • Humans
  • Lung / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Compliance
  • Peak Expiratory Flow Rate / physiology
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Sex Factors
  • Treatment Outcome