Predictors of restenosis: a morphometric and quantitative evaluation by intravascular ultrasound

Am Heart J. 1994 Oct;128(4):664-73. doi: 10.1016/0002-8703(94)90262-3.


Despite advances in catheter-based interventional techniques, restenosis remains a major complication of angioplasty. Recently, intravascular ultrasound imaging (IVUS) has provided new insight into plaque composition and geometric distribution inside the vessel. To investigate if IVUS-defined parameters can predict restenosis in patients after coronary angioplasty, we performed IVUS in 33 patients (33 lesions) after balloon angioplasty (n = 25) or directional atherectomy (n = 8). Qualitative analysis included assessment of plaque composition, plaque eccentricity, plaque fracture, and presence of dissection. In addition, minimal luminal diameter, percent diameter stenosis, percent area stenosis, plaque burden, and elastic recoil were quantitatively analyzed. Follow-up data were obtained 1, 2, and 6 months after angioplasty and were available for 30 patients. Angiographic restenosis occurred in 11 patients (group 1), and no restenosis occurred in 19 patients (group 2) by clinical (n = 10) or angiographic (n = 9) assessment. Plaque fracture was noted in 30% of group 1 patients and 74% of group 2 patients (p = 0.04). Major dissections were more frequent in group I than in group II (78% vs 10%, p = 0.009). Of the quantitative parameters analyzed, plaque burden was significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2 (0.50 +/- 0.05 vs 0.34 +/- 0.05, p = 0.0001). In 78% of the patients with plaque burden of > 0.40, restenosis developed. Thus, of the various parameters analyzed, the absence of plaque fracture, the existence of a major dissection, and greater plaque burden were associated with increased incidence of restenosis. Our results indicate that IVUS can identify a subset of patients in whom restenosis is likely to develop. Information about the morphologic features of the atheroma and its composition may be used to modify the interventional strategy and thus optimize lumen size and possibly reduce the chance of restenosis.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary / adverse effects*
  • Atherectomy / adverse effects*
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Coronary Disease / surgery
  • Coronary Disease / therapy
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Observer Variation
  • Prognosis
  • Recurrence
  • Time Factors
  • Ultrasonography, Interventional*