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Review
. 1994 Nov;64(11):741-4.
doi: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.1994.tb04530.x.

Mesenteric Cyst

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Review

Mesenteric Cyst

S C Liew et al. Aust N Z J Surg. .

Abstract

Mesenteric cyst is one of the rarest abdominal tumours, with approximately 820 cases reported since 1507. The incidence varies from 1 per 100,000 to 250,000 admissions. The lack of characteristic clinical features and radiological signs may present great diagnostic difficulties. The cyst may present in one of three ways: (i) non-specific abdominal features; (ii) an incidental finding; or (iii) an acute abdomen. Abdominal pain is the major presenting symptom. Abdominal mass is found in more than 50% of cases and 40% of cases are discovered incidentally. More than one aetiological mechanism is probably involved in the development of mesenteric cysts. Mesenteric cysts have been reported from the duodenum to the rectal mesentery but are most commonly located in the ileal mesentery. Malignant cysts occur in less than 3% of cases. Enucleation of the cyst is the treatment of choice. Knowledge of these tumours is important due to the various complications associated with suboptimal surgical management. Two cases of mesenteric cysts are presented including a recurrent mesenteric cyst in a post-partum woman demonstrating the inferior technique of internal marsupialization. The association of mesenteric cyst with pregnancy is discussed.

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