Possible involvement of GTP-binding proteins in 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 induction of tissue transglutaminase in mouse peritoneal macrophages

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 Sep 30;203(3):1773-80. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1994.2392.


Induction of transglutaminase was analyzed based on increases in the maximal enzymic activity and in the Northern blots of mRNA during culture of mouse resident peritoneal macrophages with active forms of hydrophobic vitamins and steroid hormones. The enzyme was induced by 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1 alpha,25-(OH)2D3) or retinoic acid but not by steroid hormones. The induction by 1 alpha,25-(OH)2D3 was characterized by its slow onset and marked synergism with retinoic acid induction. The induction was enhanced by protein kinase activators such as cholera toxin and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate but largely inhibited by pertussis toxin treatment of cells. It is suggested that pertussis toxin-linked and protein kinase-related signaling would mediate the 1 alpha,25-(OH)2D3-induced enzyme gene expression.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Calcitriol / pharmacology*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Enzyme Induction
  • Female
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Gene Expression / drug effects
  • Hormones / pharmacology*
  • Kinetics
  • Macrophages, Peritoneal / drug effects
  • Macrophages, Peritoneal / enzymology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred ICR
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / agonists
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / agonists
  • Time Factors
  • Transglutaminases / biosynthesis*
  • Tretinoin / pharmacology
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella / pharmacology


  • Hormones
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella
  • Tretinoin
  • Transglutaminases
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Calcitriol