Differential interaction of beta 1- and beta 3-adrenergic receptors with Gi in rat adipocytes

Cell Signal. 1994 May;6(4):457-65. doi: 10.1016/0898-6568(94)90093-0.


The interaction of beta 1- and beta 3-adrenergic receptors and G(i) proteins was examined in rat adipocytes. In intact adipocytes, cyclic AMP accumulation stimulated by the beta 3-selective agonist, BRL 37344 (BRL), was potentiated by pertussis toxin (PTX), as was the beta 1-sensitive component of isoproterenol (ISO)-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation. These data suggest that beta 1 and beta 3-receptors interact with both Gs and G(i) in intact adipocytes. Further analysis of the activation of adenylyl cyclase by the beta-receptor subtypes was performed in adipocyte membranes in which the activity of G(i) was manipulated by both GTP and PTX. Unlike cyclic AMP accumulation in cells, the activation of membrane adenylyl cyclase by ISO could be clearly resolved into components mediated by beta 1-(high affinity) or beta 3-(low affinity) receptors. The beta 3-receptor-mediated activity was dramatically reduced at 0.1 mM GTP compared to 0.1 microM GTP, but the activity mediated by beta 3-receptors was significantly reduced at concentrations of GTP in which G(i) proteins are active. Adenylyl cyclase activity stimulated by BRL was also inhibited at high concentrations of GTP. PTX abolished the inhibition of beta 3-receptor-stimulated activity by high GTP concentrations. This is the first study to indicate that G(i) proteins can limit beta 3- but not beta 1-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity and are consistent with the hypothesis that beta 3-receptors interact with both Gs and G(i), whereas beta 1-receptors couple predominantly to Gs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenylate Cyclase Toxin
  • Adenylyl Cyclases / metabolism
  • Adipocytes / drug effects
  • Adipocytes / metabolism*
  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Cell Membrane / enzymology
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Enzyme Activation
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta / metabolism*
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella / pharmacology


  • Adenylate Cyclase Toxin
  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella
  • Guanosine Triphosphate
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Adenylyl Cyclases