Peptides have been shown to be transported in the direction of both blood to brain and brain to blood. Although blood to brain transport is known to occur at both the choroid plexus and the capillary bed of the brain, comprising the two major components of the blood-brain barrier, the location of efflux systems for peptides remains largely unstudied. We adapted established methodologies to study this question for two peptides known to be transported out of the brain after injection into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF): Tyr-MIF-1, transported by peptide transport system (PTS)-1 and RC-160, a somatostatin analog transported by PTS-5. Radioactive iodide, known to be transported out of the brain primarily by the capillaries, also was studied. We found that after injection into brain tissue, RC-160 and iodide were rapidly transported out of the brain by saturable mechanisms. By contrast, efflux of Tyr-MIF-1 was slow and nonsaturable after injection into brain tissue, but rapid and saturable after injection into the lateral ventricle of the brain. Autoradiography confirmed that peptide injected into brain tissue did not diffuse far from the site of injection during the study period. The results indicate that the efflux system for RC-160 is located at least partly at the capillaries and suggest that the major location for the efflux system of Tyr-MIF-1 is at the choroid plexus.