Expression cloning and characterization of a novel adipocyte long chain fatty acid transport protein

Cell. 1994 Nov 4;79(3):427-36. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(94)90252-6.


Long chain fatty acids (LCFAs) are an important energy substrate used by cardiac myocytes and other cells, but the mechanism whereby these molecules cross the plasma membrane is poorly understood. We used an expression cloning strategy and a cDNA library from 3T3-L1 adipocytes to identify a cDNA that, when expressed in cultured cells, augments uptake of LCFAs. This cDNA encodes a novel 646 amino acid fatty acid transport protein (FATP) with six predicted membrane-spanning regions and that is integrally associated with membranes. Immunocytochemistry and subcellular fractionation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes show that FATP is localized to the plasma membrane. We propose that FATP is a plasma membrane transporter for LCFAs.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Adipocytes / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Biological Transport
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Compartmentation
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Coenzyme A Ligases / genetics*
  • Coenzyme A Ligases / metabolism
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Fatty Acid-Binding Protein 7
  • Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins
  • Fatty Acids / metabolism*
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neoplasm Proteins*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins*
  • Recombinant Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transfection


  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Fabp5 protein, mouse
  • Fabp7 protein, mouse
  • Fatty Acid-Binding Protein 7
  • Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins
  • Fatty Acids
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Coenzyme A Ligases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U15976
  • GENBANK/U15977