Predicting blood loss in surgery for idiopathic scoliosis

Can J Anaesth. 1994 Sep;41(9):775-81. doi: 10.1007/BF03011583.

Abstract

The authors attempted to determine the relative importance of factors that influence bleeding during and after spinal fusion. Data from 30 ASA I patients with idiopathic scoliosis were prospectively collected and analyzed. Intraoperative bleeding was 1971 +/- 831 ml (mean +/- SD) (61.5 +/- 27% of estimated blood volume (EBV) and correlated with the number of fused vertebrae (r = 0.66, P < 0.0001) and the duration of surgery (r = 0.46, P = 0.0105). There was no correlation between intraoperative bleeding and the Cobb curve angle (43 to 86 degrees), the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) (63 to 86 mmHg), the central venous pressure (CVP), the quantity of epinephrine infiltrated, muscle relaxants or opioids used, nor in the type of opioids used, the minimal body temperature or whether stored or autologous blood was used. Postoperative bleeding was 1383 +/- 369 ml (43.1 +/- 11.7% of EBV) and correlated with the length of time the Hemovac drain was in place (r = 0.40, P = 0.0285) and MAP (r = 0.40, P = 0.0285). There was no correlation between postoperative and intraoperative bleeding nor in the number of fused vertebrae. Six patients had greater postoperative than intraoperative bleeding. The total bleeding (intra- plus postoperative) was 3347 +/- 920 ml (104.2 +/- 30.6 of EBV) and correlated with the number of fused vertebrae (r = 0.63, P = 0.0001) and with the duration of surgery (r = 0.42, P = 0.0208). We conclude that the number of fused vertebrae is the key factor in predicting intraoperative and total bleeding. Postoperative bleeding is considerable (up to 76.9% of EBV).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Blood Loss, Surgical* / physiopathology
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Blood Transfusion
  • Blood Volume / physiology
  • Central Venous Pressure / physiology
  • Child
  • Drainage / instrumentation
  • Female
  • Fentanyl / pharmacology
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Complications
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Prospective Studies
  • Scoliosis / surgery*
  • Spinal Fusion* / methods
  • Spine / surgery
  • Sufentanil / pharmacology
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Sufentanil
  • Fentanyl