Functional similarity and physical association between GCN5 and ADA2: putative transcriptional adaptors

EMBO J. 1994 Oct 17;13(20):4807-15.


A selection for yeast mutants resistant to GAL4-VP16-induced toxicity previously identified two genes, ADA2 and ADA3, which may function as adaptors for some transcriptional activation domains and thereby facilitate activation. Here we identify two new genes by the same selection, one of which is identical to GCN5. We show that gcn5 mutants share properties with ada mutants, including slow growth, temperature sensitivity and reduced activation by the VP16 and GCN4 activation domains. Double mutant studies suggest that ADA2 and GCN5 function together in a complex or pathway. Moreover, we demonstrate that GCN5 binds to ADA2 both by the two-hybrid assay in vivo and by co-immunoprecipitation in vitro. This suggests that ADA2 and GCN5 are part of a heteromeric complex that mediates transcriptional activation. Finally, we demonstrate the functional importance of the bromodomain of GCN5, a sequence found in other global transcription factors such as the SWI/SNF complex and the TATA binding protein-associated factors. This domain is not required for the interaction between GCN5 and ADA2 and thus may mediate a more general activity of transcription factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Fungal Proteins / physiology*
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Plasmids
  • Protein Kinases / physiology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors / physiology*
  • Transcriptional Activation / physiology


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Gal-VP16
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • GCN5 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Protein Kinases