Analysis of the developmental and transcriptional potentiation functions of 5'HS2 of the murine beta-globin locus control region in transgenic mice

Dev Biol. 1994 Oct;165(2):574-84. doi: 10.1006/dbio.1994.1277.


We analyze the role of 5'HS2 of the mouse beta-globin LCR in the transcriptional and developmental regulation of beta-globin gene expression. Previous studies have shown that the human beta-globin gene behaves as an adult gene in transgenic mice, being expressed in fetal liver and bone marrow-derived erythroblasts but not in yolk sac-derived embryonic erythroid cells. We show that linkage of mLCR5'HS2 to a human beta-globin gene alters this pattern of expression during ontogeny, resulting in expression of the linked beta-globin gene at all stages of murine erythroid development. Expression was independent of integration position and correlated with transgene copy number. Our results provide the first test of a phylogenetically homologous LCR in transgenic mice and demonstrate evolutionary conservation of both developmental and transcriptional potentiation functions between mammalian beta-globin LCRs.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomes / physiology
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Globins / genetics*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred DBA
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Transcription, Genetic


  • DNA Primers
  • Globins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/S73747