Moderate exercise improves glucose metabolism in uncontrolled elderly patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

Isr J Med Sci. 1994 Oct;30(10):766-70.


Exercise should be an integral part of the treatment in non-insulin-dependent (NIDDM) diabetic patients, yet most of these patients' performance is low, mainly because of their obesity and concomitant macrovascular disease. We studied the influence of a moderate exercise training on parameters of glucose control in NIDDM patients. Forty patients aged 56.6 +/- 6.6 years were assigned randomly according to age and sex into exercise and control groups. The exercise group trained for 45 min 3 times weekly for 12 weeks, while the control group did not change their lifestyle. At the end of the study the exercise group had a significant reduction in plasma levels of triglycerides, fructosamine and glycohemoglobin. The improvement in metabolic control persisted significantly in patients who continued to exercise at varying levels at home during 1 year of follow-up.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus / therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / therapy*
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity
  • Oxygen Consumption


  • Cholesterol
  • Glucose