Differential effects of locally administered clozapine and haloperidol on dopamine efflux in the rat prefrontal cortex and caudate-putamen

J Neurochem. 1994 Dec;63(6):2118-24. doi: 10.1046/j.1471-4159.1994.63062118.x.


Previous research has shown that systemically administered antipsychotic drugs enhance dopamine release from the nigrostriatal and mesocortical dopamine pathways. However, the degree of enhancement differs as a function of the drug used (atypical versus typical antipsychotic) and the dopamine pathway examined. The present studies examined whether these differences result from differential actions of these drugs on dopamine terminal regions. Clozapine or haloperidol was infused locally into the caudate-putamen or prefrontal cortex through reverse microdialysis. Although both drugs increased extracellular dopamine levels, clozapine produced greater effects than haloperidol in the prefrontal cortex, whereas haloperidol produced greater effects in the caudate-putamen. These results suggest that neurochemical differences within dopamine terminal regions may explain the differential actions of antipsychotic drugs on striatal and cortical dopamine release.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Caudate Nucleus / drug effects
  • Caudate Nucleus / metabolism*
  • Clozapine / administration & dosage
  • Clozapine / pharmacology*
  • Dopamine / metabolism*
  • Haloperidol / administration & dosage
  • Haloperidol / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Prefrontal Cortex / drug effects
  • Prefrontal Cortex / metabolism*
  • Putamen / drug effects
  • Putamen / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Clozapine
  • Haloperidol
  • Dopamine