Design, synthesis, and biological properties of highly potent cyclic dynorphin A analogues. Analogues cyclized between positions 5 and 11

J Med Chem. 1994 Nov 11;37(23):3910-7. doi: 10.1021/jm00049a010.


We have recently reported the synthesis of several cyclic disulfide bridge-containing peptide analogues of dynorphin A (Dyn A), which were conformationally constrained in the putative address segment of the opioid ligand. Several of these analogues, bridged between positions 5 and 11 of Dyn A1-11-NH2, exhibited unexpected selectivities for the kappa and mu receptors of the central over the peripheral nervous systems. In order to further investigate the conformational and topographical requirements for the residues in positions 5 and 11 of these analogues, we have synthesized a systematic series of Dyn A1-11-NH2 analogues incorporating the sulfydryl containing amino acids L- and D-Cys and L- and D-Pen in positions 5 and 11, thus producing 16 cyclic peptides. In addition, Dyn A1-11-NH2, [D-Leu5]Dyn A1-11-NH2, and [D-Lys11]Dyn A1-11-NH2 were synthesized as standards. Several of these cyclic analogues, especially c[Cys5,D-Cys11] Dyn A1-11-NH2, c[Cys5, L- or D-Pen11]Dyn A1-11-NH2, c[Pen5, L-Pen11]Dyn A1-11-NH2 and c[Pen5, L- or D-Cys11]Dyn A1-11-NH2, retained the same affinity and selectivity (vs the mu and delta receptors) as the parent compound Dyn A1-11-NH2 in the guinea pig brain (GPB). These same analogues and most others exhibited a much lower activity in the guinea pig ileum (GPI), thus leading to centrally vs peripherally selective peptides, but showed a different structure-activity relationship than found previously. In a wider scope, this series of analogues also provided new insights into which amino acids (and their configurations) may be used in positions 5 and 11 of Dyn A analogues for high potency and good selectivity at kappa opioid receptors. The results obtained in the GPB suggest that requirements for binding are not the same for the kappa, mu, or delta central receptors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Brain / drug effects
  • Drug Design
  • Dynorphins / chemical synthesis*
  • Dynorphins / pharmacology
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Ileum / drug effects
  • Ileum / physiology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Muscle Contraction / drug effects
  • Peptides, Cyclic / chemical synthesis*
  • Peptides, Cyclic / pharmacology
  • Receptors, Opioid / drug effects


  • Peptides, Cyclic
  • Receptors, Opioid
  • Dynorphins