Responses to hemorrhagic arterial pressure reduction in different ischemic renal failure models

Kidney Int. 1994 Aug;46(2):318-23. doi: 10.1038/ki.1994.277.

Abstract

Renal blood flow (RBF) autoregulation has been found to be impaired in both norepinephrine (NE) and renal artery clamp (RAC) rat ischemic acute renal failure models. However, the decline in RBF at the normal lower limit of autoregulation is greater in NE-ARF. The present study was designed to determine if this difference in autoregulatory profiles has potential functional and morphologic significance. After demonstrating a fall in RBF to renal perfusion pressure reduction to 90 mm Hg that was twofold more in one week NE- than RAC-ARF (p < 0.001), separate rats of both ischemic ARF types with nearly identical levels of azotemia and glomerular filtration rate reduction and sham-ARF rats were subjected to four-hour controlled reduction in mean arterial pressure to 90 by transient phlebotomy at one week. On day 9, two days after mean arterial pressure reduction, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr) and creatinine clearance (CCr) showed continued improvement in RAC-ARF, but there were significant increases in BUN (46 +/- 22 to 72 +/- 10 mg/dl) and SCr (1.2 +/- 0.2 to 1.5 +/- 0.2 mg/dl) and a decline in CCr (0.434 +/- 0.127 to 0.334 +/- 0.079 ml/min) in the NE-ARF group (all P < 0.02). The mean sum of scores of morphologic indices of ARF was higher in NE- than RAC-ARF kidneys of rats sacrificed on day 9 but interstitial edema was the only individual index that was worse in NE-ARF.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / etiology
  • Acute Kidney Injury / pathology
  • Acute Kidney Injury / physiopathology*
  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Blood Urea Nitrogen
  • Creatinine / blood
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Hemorrhage / physiopathology*
  • Homeostasis
  • Ischemia / complications
  • Ischemia / pathology
  • Kidney / blood supply
  • Norepinephrine
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Renal Circulation / physiology*

Substances

  • Creatinine
  • Norepinephrine