Coadministration of thiazides increases the efficacy of loop diuretics even in patients with advanced renal failure

Kidney Int. 1994 Aug;46(2):482-8. doi: 10.1038/ki.1994.298.


It is commonly assumed that thiazide diuretics are ineffective in patients with advanced renal failure (GFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2). Thiazides act on the nephron segment distal to the ascending thick loop of Henle, that is, the site of action of loop diuretics. Blockade of sodium reabsorption in the thiazide-sensitive segment should therefore obliterate the compensatory increase in sodium reabsorption seen after administration of loop diuretics and thus potentiate the natriuretic efficacy of loop diuretics even in advanced renal failure. In a single-blind, randomized, placebo controlled crossover study we compared the natriuretic and chloruretic effect of the loop diuretic, torasemide, given alone or in combination with the thiazide diuretic, butizid, in 10 patients with advanced renal failure (mean CIn 13.1 +/- 5.9 ml/min/1.73 m2). For two weeks patients adhered to a diet containing a standardized amount of Na+ and K+. On the 6th and 13th study days, two sham infusions were given to patients in order to assess basal 24-hour urinary electrolyte excretion. On the 7th and 14th days they were randomly allocated to receive either 50 mg i.v. torasemide in combination with a sham infusion or torasemide in combination with 20 mg i.v. butizid. Administration of torasemide alone significantly (P < 0.01) increased mean cumulative 24-hour excretion of sodium (from 154 +/- 30 to 232 +/- 59 mmol/24 hr) and chloride (from 128 +/- 21 to 233 +/- 84 mmol/24 hr) as compared with baseline.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Diuresis
  • Diuretics / administration & dosage
  • Diuretics / therapeutic use*
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrochlorothiazide / administration & dosage
  • Hydrochlorothiazide / analogs & derivatives*
  • Hydrochlorothiazide / therapeutic use
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / drug therapy*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / metabolism
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors / administration & dosage
  • Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Sulfonamides / administration & dosage
  • Sulfonamides / therapeutic use*
  • Torsemide


  • Diuretics
  • Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors
  • Sulfonamides
  • Hydrochlorothiazide
  • buthiazide
  • Torsemide