Major limb replantation in children

Microsurgery. 1994;15(7):474-8. doi: 10.1002/micr.1920150708.


After the first successful replantation of a completely amputated extremity in a 12-year-old boy undertaken by Ronald Malt at the Massachusetts General Hospital in 1962 (Malt and McKhann, Journal of the American Medical Association, 189:716-722, 1964) numerous series of major limb replantations have been reported in adults. The reports of major limb replantation in children are relatively rare and are usually included in adult series. During the last 14 years, 18 children with major limb amputations were treated at the Microsurgical and Replantation Unit of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of Ioannina Medical School. Of these, 13 were complete amputations (11 upper extremity and 2 lower extremity), while 5 were incomplete nonviable amputations (3 upper extremity and 2 lower extremity). The success rate following replantation of the complete amputations was 76.9%, while for the incomplete, nonviable amputations success was 80%. Preoperative evaluation, operative management, postoperative care, and the results of this difficult but rewarding procedure are analysed and discussed in this review.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Amputation, Traumatic / surgery*
  • Arm Injuries / surgery*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Foot Injuries / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Leg Injuries / surgery*
  • Male
  • Microsurgery / methods
  • Postoperative Care
  • Replantation / methods*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome