Identification of a region which directs the monocytic activity of the colony-stimulating factor 1 (macrophage colony-stimulating factor) receptor promoter and binds PEBP2/CBF (AML1)

Mol Cell Biol. 1994 Dec;14(12):8085-95. doi: 10.1128/mcb.14.12.8085-8095.1994.


The receptor for the macrophage colony-stimulating factor (or colony-stimulating factor 1 [CSF-1]) is expressed from different promoters in monocytic cells and placental trophoblasts. We have demonstrated that the monocyte-specific expression of the CSF-1 receptor is regulated at the level of transcription by a tissue-specific promoter whose activity is stimulated by the monocyte/B-cell-specific transcription factor PU.1 (D.-E. Zhang, C.J. Hetherington, H.-M. Chen, and D.G. Tenen, Mol. Cell. Biol. 14:373-381, 1994). Here we report that the tissue specificity of this promoter is also mediated by sequences in a region II (bp -88 to -59), which lies 10 bp upstream from the PU.1-binding site. When analyzed by DNase footprinting, region II was protected preferentially in monocytic cells. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays confirmed that region II interacts specifically with nuclear proteins from monocytic cells. Two gel shift complexes (Mono A and Mono B) were formed with separate sequence elements within this region. Competition and supershift experiments indicate that Mono B contains a member of the polyomavirus enhancer-binding protein 2/core-binding factor (PEBP2/CBF) family, which includes the AML1 gene product, while Mono A is a distinct complex preferentially expressed in monocytic cells. Promoter constructs with mutations in these sequence elements were no longer expressed specifically in monocytes. Furthermore, multimerized region II sequence elements enhanced the activity of a heterologous thymidine kinase promoter in monocytic cells but not other cell types tested. These results indicate that the monocyte/B-cell-specific transcription factor PU.1 and the Mono A and Mono B protein complexes act in concert to regulate monocyte-specific transcription of the CSF-1 receptor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit
  • Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit
  • Core Binding Factors
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Enhancer Elements, Genetic
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Mice
  • Monocytes / physiology*
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism*
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Receptor, Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / genetics*
  • Sequence Deletion
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Transcription Factor AP-2
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*


  • Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit
  • Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit
  • Core Binding Factors
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RUNX1 protein, human
  • RUNX2 protein, human
  • Runx1 protein, mouse
  • Runx2 protein, mouse
  • Transcription Factor AP-2
  • Transcription Factors
  • Receptor, Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor