Inhibition of platelet aggregation by adenosine receptor agonists

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1994 Jun;349(6):644-50. doi: 10.1007/pl00004904.


2-(Ar)alkoxyadenosines, which are agonists selective for the A2AAR in PC 12 cell and rat striatum membranes, are also agonists at the A2AR coupled to adenylate cyclase (AC) that mediates the inhibition of platelet aggregation. A panel of twelve well-characterized adenosine analogues stimulated human platelet AC and inhibited ADP-induced platelet aggregation at sub- to low-micromolar concentrations with a potency ranking CGS 21680 > adenosine > R-PIA. There were significant correlations between the EC50 of anti-aggregatory activity and either the EC50 of stimulation of platelet and PC 12 cell AC (r2 = 0.66 and 0.67, respectively) or the Ki of inhibition of [3H]NECA binding to the rat striatum membranes (r2 = 0.75). Likewise, platelet AC stimulation correlated well with stimulation of PC 12 cell AC and with [3H]NECA binding (r2 = 0.94 and 0.91, respectively). Ten 2-(ar)alkoxyadenosines stimulated platelet AC at EC50s ranging between 0.16 and 2.3 microM and inhibited platelet aggregation at EC50s ranging between 2 and 30 microM. There were no correlations between the EC50s of anti-aggregatory activity and either the EC50s of the stimulation of platelet or PC 12 AC (r2 = 0.08 and 0.06, respectively) or with the Ki of the inhibition of [3H]NECA binding to the A2aAR in rat striatum (r2 = 0.02). The EC50s of the stimulation of platelet AC correlated with those of the stimulation of PC 12 AC (r2 = 0.48), and also with the Ki of [3H]NECA binding (r2 = 0.71). Each of the 23 adenosines completely inhibited platelet aggregation and thus, functionally, all behaved as full agonists.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Adenosine / pharmacokinetics
  • Adenosine / pharmacology*
  • Adenosine-5'-(N-ethylcarboxamide)
  • Adenylyl Cyclases / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Blood Platelets / drug effects
  • Blood Platelets / enzymology
  • Cell Membrane / drug effects
  • Cell Membrane / enzymology
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Neostriatum / drug effects
  • Neostriatum / metabolism
  • PC12 Cells
  • Platelet Aggregation / drug effects*
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Purinergic P1 Receptor Agonists*
  • Rats
  • Vasodilator Agents / pharmacology


  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
  • Purinergic P1 Receptor Agonists
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Adenosine-5'-(N-ethylcarboxamide)
  • Adenylyl Cyclases
  • Adenosine