Tissue expansion in facial reconstruction

Plast Reconstr Surg. 1994 Dec;94(7):944-50. doi: 10.1097/00006534-199412000-00007.


The tissue expansion technique is advantageous in facial reconstruction because it makes it possible to resurface even wider defects with neighboring skin similar in color and texture and superior to skin obtained elsewhere, thereby surpassing conventional methods. However, there still remain some problems relating to procedural details, such as the selection of tissue expanders and sites of their insertion; the design, elevation, suturing, and fixation of the expanded flap; and the management of free margins such as the lower lip and lower eyelid. In each case, some modification is required with respect to the status of the defect. The experiences encountered in a series of 23 patients are described, with illustration of several representative cases, and advantages and problems are discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Burns / surgery
  • Cicatrix / surgery
  • Contracture / surgery
  • Face / surgery*
  • Facial Injuries / surgery
  • Facial Neoplasms / surgery
  • Female
  • Hamartoma / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nevus, Pigmented / surgery
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Surgical Flaps*
  • Tissue Expansion Devices
  • Tissue Expansion*