[A case of systemic lupus erythematosus presenting with myelofibrosis as a cause of pancytopenia]

Ryumachi. 1994 Aug;34(4):773-8.
[Article in Japanese]

Abstract

A 54 year-old woman who had a 6 month history of polyarthralgias, oral ulcers, weight loss and fatigue was admitted to the Urawa Municipal Hospital. She developed high fever, dyspnea and thrombocytopenia. Chest radiograph revealed massive right pleural effusion. At this time, laboratory investigations gave the following results: hemoglobin 12.7 g/dl, WBC 7700/microliters and platelet count 9.2 x 10(4)/microliters. Antibody to DNA was negative. Antinuclear antibody was positive at a titer of 320x in a centromere pattern; Anti-RNP and anti-Sm antibodies were negative. CH50 was 18.6 u/ml. C3 was 42.9 mg/dl. C4 was 11.5 mg/dl. Circulating immune complex (Clq) was 30.5 micrograms/ml. Circulating lupus anti-coagulant and anticardiolipine antibodies were positive. Thoracocentesis was performed; the material was a straw-colored exudate with over two thousands white cell per ul and showed marked reduction of complement titiers and elevated immune complex levels. She was then diagnosis as having SLE. Two weeks after admission, progressive leukopenia and anemia succeedingly occurred and resulted in severe pancytopenia. Bone marrow biopsy demonstrated marked marrow fibrosis and increased reticulin content with no evidence of malignancy. Steroid pulse therapy for 3 days started, and subsequently she was treated with 60 mg/day of prednisolone. Three weeks after starting on steroids, the massive pleural effusion was completely disappeared and complement titiers were normalized. Circulating immune complex has not been detected any more. After 8 weeks, the peripheral blood count was normalized. The dose of prednisolone was reduced progressively. On this occasion, the biopsy showed normocullular marrow with a marked reduction in the amount of reticulin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Antinuclear / analysis
  • Antigen-Antibody Complex / analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / complications*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancytopenia / etiology*
  • Primary Myelofibrosis / etiology*

Substances

  • Antibodies, Antinuclear
  • Antigen-Antibody Complex