Haemostatic abnormalities persist despite glycaemic improvement by insulin therapy in lean type 2 diabetic patients

Thromb Haemost. 1994 Jun;71(6):692-7.


Diabetes mellitus is associated with disturbances of the hemostatic system, which might contribute to the development of diabetic vascular disease. We investigated the effect of metabolic improvement by insulin therapy on the haemostatic system in 61 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and secondary sulfonylurea failure compared with 45 healthy control subjects matched for age, sex and BMI. Median age was 65, median diabetes duration 10 years. Median HbA1c (10%) and fructosamine (4.0 mM) levels were elevated before induction of therapy and decreased significantly within 6 months of insulin treatment to 7.5% and 3.0 mM, respectively (p < 0.0001). Compared with control subjects, median plasma levels of fibrinogen (317 vs 286 mg/dl), coagulation factor VII activity (1.1 vs 0.89 U/l), von Willebrand factor (1.6 vs 1.3 U/l), D-dimer (105 vs 86 micrograms/l), protein C:Ag (1.24 vs 0.95 U/l), total protein S:Ag (1.15 vs 0.91 U/l), and antithrombin III activity (1.17 vs 1.08 U/l) were significantly elevated. Levels of free protein S were not different from control values. No significant decline of coagulation parameters could be recorded during insulin therapy. Patients with diabetic vasculopathy had higher levels of D-dimer than those without (133 vs 76 micrograms/l before, 109 vs 88 micrograms/l during therapy), whereas the other haemostatic parameters were not different. Our data indicate a significant activation of the coagulation system in diabetic patients with secondary failure to sulfonylurea drugs, with signs of a prethrombotic state and endothelial cell disturbance.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Body Weight / physiology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Female
  • Hemostasis / drug effects
  • Hemostasis / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Insulin / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sulfonylurea Compounds / therapeutic use
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin
  • Sulfonylurea Compounds