The sequence of the Candida albicans inositol biosynthetic gene, CaINO1, and its flanking regions is determined in this study. The largest open reading frame has a coding sequence of 1560 base pairs, corresponding to a predicted protein of 521 amino acids. Three primary transcriptional start sites are found 64, 57 and 52 base pairs upstream of the ATG translational start site at position 1374. Five stop codons exist in a cluster at the end of the coding region. Within the upstream region TATA and CAAT eukaryotic regulatory sequences are identified along with regions corresponding to a 10 base pair inositol/choline responsive element consensus sequence. Computer analysis of the DNA sequence shows strong homology to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae INO1 gene. A comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of the C. albicans INO1 gene product, inositol-1-phosphate synthase, with its homolog in S. cerevisiae shows 64% identity and 77% similarity. The differences between the two proteins are most prominent in the N-terminal regions.