Screening for eye disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Acta Ophthalmol (Copenh). 1994 Jun;72(3):341-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.1994.tb02770.x.

Abstract

A screening program for diabetic eye disease was established in Iceland in 1980. Approximately 90% of the insulin dependent patients in Iceland undergo annual eye examination and fundus photography and about a fifth of the type 2 diabetic patients. We report on 245 diabetic patients with type 2 diabetes. Any diabetic retinopathy was present in 100 patients (41%), proliferative retinopathy had been present in 17 (7%) and 24 (10%) had clinically significant diabetic macular edema. Two-hundred and twenty-four patients (91%) had visual acuity equal or better than 6/12 in their better eye, 17 patients (7%) with 6/18-6/36 in their better eye, and 4 patients (1.6%) equal or worse than 6/60 in their better eye.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blindness / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications*
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / diagnosis*
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / epidemiology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iceland / epidemiology
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Laser Therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Visual Acuity