Conjunctival Microbial Flora of Clinically Normal Pigs

Am J Vet Res. 1994 Jul;55(7):949-51.


Conjunctival swab specimens from healthy pigs were cultured to determine normal microbial population. Four commercial swine operations were selected for study. Pigs of 4 age groups were tested: nursing pigs, nursery pigs, feeder pigs, and sows. Swab specimens were taken from the conjunctival sac of each pig. Bacterial, fungal, and mycoplasmal growth was determined separately. Chlamydia sp was detected by use of an ELISA. Bacteria were recovered from 98% of specimens evaluated. alpha-Streptococcus sp (89%) was the most commonly recovered organism, followed by Staphylococcus epidermidis (39%) and Staphylococcus sp (39%). Mycoplasma sp was not detected in any of the specimens. Chlamydia sp was identified in 28% of all specimens evaluated. These results are similar to reports of normal conjunctival flora in other domestic animals.

MeSH terms

  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Bacteria / isolation & purification*
  • Chlamydia / isolation & purification*
  • Conjunctiva / microbiology*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Mycoplasma / isolation & purification
  • Staphylococcus / isolation & purification
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis / isolation & purification
  • Streptococcus / isolation & purification
  • Swine / microbiology*