We present a case of trichothiodystrophy associated with a hypereosinophilic syndrome. This case had been followed for 30 years. Trichothiodystrophy was characterized by lamellar ichthyosis, hair and nail dystrophies, kyphoscoliosis, congenital luxation of the hip. The hypereosinophilic syndrome was characterized by an itching urticaria-like eruption. Although the patient's general condition had remaining stable for 30 years, during the last year it worsened and the patient suddenly died. The authors discuss about the significance of this association.