Enhancement of the auditory cortex evoked responses in awake guinea pigs after noise exposure

Hear Res. 1994 Aug;78(2):158-68. doi: 10.1016/0378-5955(94)90021-3.


In a previous paper [Popelár et al., Hear. Res. 26, 239-247 (1987)] we have shown that amplitudes of the auditory cortex evoked responses (AC-ER) in awake guinea pigs were enhanced for several hours after 1 h of noise exposure whereas amplitudes of the compound potential of the auditory nerve (CAP) and of the inferior colliculus evoked responses (IC-ER) declined. The present study demonstrates that the duration of the AC-ER amplitude increase is related to the intensity of the noise exposure (white noise, for 30 min or 1 h, intensity range 105-125 dB). The AC-ER amplitude as well as the threshold shift increased linearly with increasing intensity of the noise. The maximum AC-ER increase occurred when clicks served as stimuli; amplitude enhancement was smaller for 1 kHz tone pips and was absent when 20 kHz tone pips were used. The amplitude enhancement was specific for the auditory cortex since the amplitude of visually evoked responses, recorded in the occipital cortex, was unchanged after noise exposure. It is suggested that the postexposure amplitude enhancement of the AC-ER is produced by temporary exhaustion of inhibitory processes in the auditory cortex.

MeSH terms

  • Acoustic Stimulation
  • Action Potentials / physiology
  • Animals
  • Auditory Cortex / physiology*
  • Auditory Threshold / physiology
  • Electrodes, Implanted
  • Electrophysiology
  • Evoked Potentials, Auditory / physiology*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Inferior Colliculi / physiology
  • Noise*
  • Vestibulocochlear Nerve / physiology