Transforming growth factor beta-1 facilitates establishing clonal populations of ovine muscle satellite cells

J Anim Sci. 1994 Aug;72(8):2001-7. doi: 10.2527/1994.7282001x.


Myogenic cells isolated from lamb fetuses (approximately mid-gestation) exhibited a concentration-dependent decrease in myogenic cell proliferation in response to transforming growth factor (TGF) beta-1 (P < .001). Half-maximal inhibition of proliferation occurred at approximately .05 ng of TGF beta-1/mL and maximal inhibition of proliferation occurred at approximately .1 ng of TGF beta-1/mL. The specificity of this inhibition was confirmed by neutralization of the activity following exposure to a TGF beta antibody. The TGF beta-1 also suppressed proliferation of ovine satellite cells isolated from 5-d-old lambs (P < .0035), but to a lesser extent than observed for embryonic cells. In contrast, TGF beta-1 did not significantly suppress serum-stimulated proliferation of ovine satellite cells isolated from 30- or 150-d-old lambs. Similarly, TGF beta-1 did not suppress proliferation of skeletal muscle fibroblast-like cells isolated from either fetal lambs or 150-d-old lambs. In fact, proliferation of fibroblast-like cells derived from embryonic ovine muscle was enhanced by exposure to TGF beta-1 at all levels tested; however, a concentration-dependent response was not observed. Media transfer experiments showed that conditioning of culture media by postnatally derived cells did not render TGF beta-1 inactive. The studies described in this manuscript suggest that sensitivity of ovine myogenic cells to the antiproliferative effect of TGF-beta may vary with the stage of development.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aging / physiology
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Clone Cells
  • Culture Media, Conditioned
  • Fetus / cytology
  • Fetus / drug effects
  • Fibroblasts / cytology
  • Fibroblasts / drug effects
  • Muscle, Skeletal / cytology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects
  • Muscle, Skeletal / embryology
  • Sheep / embryology
  • Sheep / growth & development*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology*


  • Culture Media, Conditioned
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta