Comparison of broth dilution and semisolid agar dilution for in vitro susceptibility testing of Cryptococcus neoformans

J Chemother. 1994 Jun;6(3):173-6. doi: 10.1080/1120009x.1994.11741148.


We compared the in vitro activity of amphotericin B, flucytosine, itraconazole, fluconazole, ketoconazole and miconazole against 18 strains of Cryptococcus neoformans by using two methods: microbroth dilution and semisolid agar dilution. By both of the methods minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) showed a wide range for all antifungal agents but not for amphotericin B. Statistically significant differences between the two methods were observed only with amphotericin B and flucytosine, p = 0.048 and p = 0.045 respectively. Our study suggests that azole susceptibility testing for C. neoformans may be performed by the broth microdilution as well as the semisolid agar test. The choice of the method when testing amphotericin B and flucytosine is more problematic.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Amphotericin B / pharmacology
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology*
  • Blood / microbiology
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid / microbiology
  • Cryptococcus neoformans / drug effects*
  • Cryptococcus neoformans / isolation & purification
  • Fluconazole / pharmacology
  • Flucytosine / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Itraconazole / pharmacology
  • Ketoconazole / pharmacology
  • Miconazole / pharmacology
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / methods
  • Skin / microbiology


  • Antifungal Agents
  • Itraconazole
  • Miconazole
  • Amphotericin B
  • Fluconazole
  • Flucytosine
  • Ketoconazole