Differential activation of dibutyryl cAMP-differentiated HL-60 human leukemia cells by chemoattractants

Biochem Pharmacol. 1994 Nov 16;48(10):1857-64. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(94)90583-5.


Dibutyryl cAMP-differentiated HL-60 human leukemia cells possess receptors for the chemoattractants N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (fMLP), C5a and leukotriene B4 (LTB4). We compared the effects of these chemoattractants in HL-60 membranes and in intact HL-60 cells. fMLP, C5a and LTB4 stimulated GTP hydrolysis and guanosine 5'-O-[3-thio]triphosphate (GTP[gamma S]) binding in HL-60 membranes with similar effectiveness and in a pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive manner. They also stimulated photolabeling of the alpha-subunits of the guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins), Gi2 and Gi3 with similar effectiveness. Chloride salts of monovalent cations differentially enhanced and inhibited chemoattractant-induced GTP hydrolyses. C5a was less effective than fMLP in enhancing cholera toxin-catalysed ADP-ribosylation of Gi alpha 2 and Gi alpha 3, and LTB4 was ineffective. fMLP was more effective than C5a and LTB4 in stimulating Ca2+ influx in HL-60 cells. C5a- and LTB4-induced rises in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were PTX-sensitive, whereas the effect of fMLP was partially PTX-insensitive. LTB4-induced rises in [Ca2+]i were more sensitive towards homologous desensitization than those induced by C5a, and the effect of fMLP was resistant in this regard. C5a was considerably less effective than fMLP in activating superoxide anion formation and azurophilic granule release, and LTB4 was ineffective. Our data suggest that fMLP, C5a and LTB4 effectively activate the G-proteins, Gi2 and Gi3, in HL-60 cells and that fMLP may additionally activate PTX-insensitive G-proteins. fMLP, C5a and LTB4 are full, partial and incomplete secretagogues, respectively, and these differences may be due to differences in homologous receptor desensitization and qualitative Gi-protein activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bucladesine / pharmacology*
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects*
  • Complement C5a / pharmacology*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • GTP Phosphohydrolases / metabolism
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate) / metabolism
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hydrolysis
  • Leukemia / enzymology
  • Leukemia / pathology
  • Leukotriene B4 / pharmacology*
  • N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine / pharmacology*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Leukotriene B4
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate)
  • N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine
  • Bucladesine
  • Complement C5a
  • Guanosine Triphosphate
  • GTP Phosphohydrolases
  • Calcium