Canadian national survey of perinatal HIV infection 1991-1992. Canadian Paediatric AIDS Research Group (CPAR)

Can J Public Health. 1994 Jul-Aug;85(4):239-43.


Objective: To define the burden of illness and the demographic characteristics of perinatally HIV exposed children in Canada.

Methods: Two national surveys of children born to HIV-infected mothers were conducted. The first survey captured information on all known cases up to March 1991, and the second, additional cases between April 1991 and May 1992.

Results: 220 children born to 204 HIV-infected mothers were identified. Quebec cases increased by 20% compared with 33% in Ontario (p < .003) and 50% in the rest of the country (p < .001). Quebec has a higher proportion of black mothers than the rest of Canada (p < .001). Sexual contact continues to be the major risk factor for maternal HIV infection.

Conclusions: This survey confirms a substantial case load and provides an initial demographic profile of diagnosed HIV exposed infants in Canada.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Epidemiologic Factors
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / congenital
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • HIV Infections / therapy
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / etiology