An in Vitro Comparison of Biofilm Formation on Various Biliary Stent Materials

Gastrointest Endosc. Sep-Oct 1994;40(5):581-3. doi: 10.1016/s0016-5107(94)70257-8.


Stent occlusion may occur as the result of bacterial adherence and biofilm formation. This occlusion may be prompted by the material or design of the stents. In this study, a bile perfusion model was used to compare the biofilm formation on various stent materials. The copolymer and the wire mesh stents demonstrated less biofilm formation than the traditional stent. The development of new polymers may prolong stent patency.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Bile Ducts*
  • Biofilms*
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Polyethylenes
  • Polymers
  • Stents*


  • Polyethylenes
  • Polymers