Some factors associated with change in patient-centredness of student nurses during the Common Foundation Programme in Nursing

Int J Nurs Stud. 1994 Oct;31(5):421-36. doi: 10.1016/0020-7489(94)90013-2.


This longitudinal study examines the changes in patient-centredness of a group of student nurses during their Common Foundation Programme in Nursing, and attempts to explore some of the social, psychological and educational factors which might be associated with such change. The Patient-centredness Multi-choice Questionnaire (PMQX) was administered to a sample of 267 student nurses on commencement and completion of their Common Foundation Programme in Nursing, and significant positive as well as negative changes in PMQX scores were found, although the mean scores for the sample were unchanged. A number of factors were found to be associated with high levels of patient-centredness on commencement of the course, including marital status, age, and radicalism. Positive change in patient-centredness during the CFP was associated with a variety of variables such as class size, a student-centred climate and a tenderminded attitude. Other factors, such as psychological stability and extroversion, were associated with both increase and decrease in patient-centredness during the CFP.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Education, Nursing* / statistics & numerical data
  • England
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Nurse-Patient Relations*
  • Personality Tests / statistics & numerical data
  • Psychology, Social
  • Students, Nursing / psychology*
  • Students, Nursing / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires